1. Matthew Alexander

Kill or Capture: How a Special Operations Task Force Took Down a Notorious al Qaeda Terrorist  

How to Break a Terrorist The US Interrogators Who Used Brains, Not Brutality, to Take Down the Deadliest Man in Iraq 

"Torture's Rendition" (National Interest, Feb. 19, 2011)

"Martyrdom, Interrupted" (National Interest, March 8, 2010)

 "Don't Kill bin Laden" (National Interest, April 19, 2010)

Video Interview with THE NATIONAL INTEREST (March 1, 2010)

"Torture Doesn't Work," (The Daily Beast, April 20, 2009)

Appearance on COUNTDOWN

Appearance on The Daily Show

Wikipedia: How to Break a Terrorist

"Six Questions for Matthew Alexander"  (Harpers, December 2008)

Audio Interview on Harris Online

2. Henry Shue

Basic Rights (Princeton University Press, 1996)

David Rodin and Henry Shue (eds.)  Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification (Oxford University Press, 2007)

David Rodin and Henry Shue (eds.), Just and Unjust Warriors: The Legal and Moral Status of Soldiers (Oxford University Press, 2007).

Symposium at Case School of Law

NYU Panel on Climate Ethics

3. Joshua Phillips

None Were Like This Before: American Soldiers and Torture (Verso, 2010)

A sixty minute radio documentary, "What Killed Sergeant Gray" (it is at:

4. Jean Maria Arrigo

Symposium at University of California School of Law


5. Waterboarding:

"Believe me, it's torture" by Christopher Hitchens

Video of Hitchens’s waterboarding experience.

For another case of voluntary waterboarding, see

6. Darius Rejali (Political Science Department, Reed College)

Torture and Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2009) 

Amy Goodman, DEMOCRACY NOW, "Torture and Democracy: Scholar Darius Rejali Details the History and Scope of Modern Torture"  AND

"Containing Torture: How torture begets even more torture" By Darius Rejali (Oct. 27, 2006, SLATE Magazine)                                                             "President Bush has insisted that the Military Commissions Act of 2006 is an essential tool for military and CIA prosecution of the war against terrorists. And yesterday, Vice President Dick Cheney argued that choking someone in water to gather needed intelligence is a "no brainer" and that the MCA covered the White House's "fairly robust interrogation program," including this technique. Legislation of this sort is always slippery, and the newspapers and legal blogs are full of disagreements about exactly what the new law means and what its effects will be. But one lasting effect is almost certain: Historically, laws like the Military Commissions Act have powerful corrupting forces on the militaries that use them, making them less able to achieve their ultimate goals." MORE:

"Of Human Bondage" by Darius Rejali (SALON, June 18, 2004) "The kinds of torture used at Abu Ghraib stem from techniques common to colonial imperialists, Stalin's secret police and the Gestapo." 

"5 Myths About Torture and Truth" by Darius Rejali (Sunday, December 16, 2007; B03 WASHINGTON POST)    "So the CIA did indeed torture Abu Zubaida, the first al-Qaeda terrorist suspect to have been waterboarded. So says John Kiriakou, the first former CIA employee directly involved in the questioning of "high-value" al-Qaeda detainees to speak out publicly. He minced no words last week in calling the CIA's "enhanced interrogation techniques" what they are. But did they work? Torture's defenders, including the wannabe tough guys who write Fox's "24," insist that the rough stuff gets results. "It was like flipping a switch," said Kiriakou about Abu Zubaida's response to being waterboarded. But the al-Qaeda operative's confessions -- descriptions of fantastic plots from a man who intelligence analysts were convinced was mentally ill -- probably didn't give the CIA any actionable intelligence. Of course, we may never know the whole truth, since the CIA destroyed the videotapes of Abu Zubaida's interrogation. But here are some other myths that are bound to come up as the debate over torture rages on." MORE:

For an hour-long audio interview with Darius Rejali (Reed College political scientist who argues, in TORTURE AND DEMOCRACY, that torture does not work):


7. Articles in THE NEW YORKER

By Jane Mayer:

"The Black Sites: A rare look inside the C.I.A.’s secret interrogation program."   By Jane Mayer (August 13, 2007)

 "Whatever It Takes: The politics of the man behind '24.'"  By Jane Mayer   (February 19, 2007)                                     

"The Memo: How an internal effort to ban the abuse and torture of detainees was thwarted."  By Jane Mayer   (February 27, 2006) 

"A Deadly Interrogation: Can the C.I.A. legally kill a prisoner?" By Jane Mayer  (November 14, 2005)  

"The Experiment: The military trains people to withstand interrogation. Are those methods being misused at Guantánamo?" By Jane Mayer (July 11, 2005) 

"Outsourcing Torture: The secret history of America’s "extraordinary rendition" program." By Jane Mayer   (February 14, 2005)

By Seymour Hersh

"Torture at Abu Ghraib: American soldiers brutalized Iraqis. How far up does the responsibility go? " By Seymour M. Hersh (May 10, 2004)

"Chain of Command: How the Department of Defense mishandled the disaster at Abu Ghraib. by Seymour M. Hersh (May 17, 2004)

"The General’s Report: How Antonio Taguba, who investigated the Abu Ghraib scandal, became one of its casualties." by Seymour Hersh (May 25, 2007

"The Gray Zone: How a secret Pentagon program came to Abu Ghraib."  By Seymour M. Hersh (May 24, 2004)


8. Other Articles

Suzanne Cusick, "Music as Torture/Music as Weapon" (

Abstract: One of the most startling aspects of musical culture in the post-Cold War United States is the systematic use of music as a weapon of war. First coming to mainstream attention in 1989, when US troops blared loud music in an effort to induce Panamanian president Manuel Norriega’s surrender, the use of  “acoustic bombardment” has become standard practice on the battlefields of Iraq, and specifically musical bombardment has joined sensory deprivation and sexual humiliation as among the non-lethal means by which prisoners from Abu Ghraib to Guantanamo may be coerced to yield their secrets without violating US law.

J. Ian Norris, Jeff T. Larsen and Bradley J. Stastny, "Social Perceptions of Torture: Genuine Disagreement, Subtle Malleability, and In-Group Bias," Peace and Conflict 16 (2010), pp. 275–294.

John Conroy, "Confessions of a Torturer"  "TONY LAGOURANIS DOESN’T fit the profile of a person likely to go wrong by following orders. He’s lived a footloose life unconstrained by a desire for professional advancement, for the approval of superiors, even for a comfortable home. A freethinker, he read the great works of Western civilization in college and mastered classical languages. It was his desire to learn Arabic as well that took him to Iraq. And there, as an army interrogator, he tortured detainees for information he admits they rarely had. Since leaving Iraq he’s taken this story public, doing battle on national television against the war’s architects for giving him the orders he regrets he obeyed. . . . "  MORE:

"The Ploy" by Mark Bowden (THE ATLANTIC, May 2007)  "The inside story of how the interrogators of Task Force 145 cracked Abu Musab al-Zarqawi’s inner circle—without resorting to torture—and hunted down al-Qaeda’s man in Iraq." This is the same story recounted in HOW TO CRACK A TERRORIST by Matthew Alexander.

"The Short, Violent Life of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi" by Mary Anne Weaver.  "How a video-store clerk and small-time crook reinvented himself as America’s nemesis in Iraq"  

"The Green Light" by Philippe Sands (VANITY FAIR, May 2008)    "As the first anniversary of 9/11 approached, and a prized Guantánamo detainee wouldn’t talk, the Bush administration’s highest-ranking lawyers argued for extreme interrogation techniques, circumventing international law, the Geneva Conventions, and the army’s own Field Manual. The attorneys would even fly to Guantánamo to ratchet up the pressure—then blame abuses on the military. Philippe Sands follows the torture trail, and holds out the possibility of war crimes charges."

PBS "FRONTLINE"--"The Torture Question" (90 minutes)

UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

The Abu Ghraib Photographs--a slide show:


9. The Stanford Prison Experiment

"Situationist Ethics: The Stanford Prison Experiment doesn't explain Abu Ghraib" by William Saletan, May 12, 2004, action=print&id=2100419


DAILY SHOW: Philip Zimbardo compares Stanford Prison Experiment to Abu Ghraib:

STANFORD MAGAZINE: "Zimbardo Unbound: Long after his notorious prison experiment and soon after the Abu Ghraib scandal, the famous psychologist lobbies for a greater understanding of how evil systems subvert good people" 

"What makes good people do bad things? Former APA president drew from research to help explain evil under the backdrop of recent Iraqi prisoner abuses at Abu Ghraib." APA ON-LINE

Martha Nussbaum, "Texts for Torturers" (book review of Zimbardo, THE LUCIFER EFFECT): 


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